Travel Information for Spring Break

ZIKA Virus

Where Zika is found: Africa, Southeast Asia, Pacific Islands, Brazil, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, America Samoa

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/index.html

Travel notice for these areas: Cape Verde, Caribbean, Central America, Mexico, Pacific Islands and South America

Transmission: This virus is spread by mosquitos.  The mosquito that spreads this virus feeds during the day time, dawn and dusk.  Zika can also be transmitted through sexual intercourse.

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/transmission/index.html

Prevention:  Avoid mosquito bites, use mosquito repellent (as directed), wear pants and long sleeve shirts when outside, Prevent mosquitos from coming inside with screens, etc., treat clothing only (not skin) with permethrin

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/prevention/index.html

Signs and symptoms: most common symptoms- fever, rash, joint pain, conjunctivitis (red eyes)

Other symptoms- muscle pain and headache

Symptoms occur a few days to a week after becoming infected.  The illness is usually mild and the symptoms will last several days to a week

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/index.html

Treatment: rest, fluids and Tylenol (DO NOT take aspirin, ibuprofen or any NSAIDs).

lifestyles materials64Greatest concern with Zika is for women who are Pregnant or are trying to become pregnant.  Zika can cause birth defects (microcephaly) and even fetal death.

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pregnancy/index.html

For more information go to: http://www.cdc.gov/zika/qa/index.html

Dengue Virus

Where Dengue is found: Puerto Rico, Latin America, South East Asia, Pacific Islands, Hawaii

http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/travelOutbreaks/index.html

Transmission: spread by mosquitos.  The mosquito that spreads this virus feeds during the day time, dawn and dusk.

Prevention:  Avoid mosquito bites, use mosquito repellent (as directed), wear pants and long sleeve shirts when outside, Prevent mosquitos from coming inside with screens, etc., treat clothing only (not skin) with permethrin

http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/prevention/index.html

Signs and symptoms: high fever, severe headache, severe pain behind eyes, joint pain, muscle and bone pain, rash, mild bleeding (from gums, nose and easy bruising)

http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/symptoms/index.html

Treatment: rest, fluids and Tylenol (DO NOT take aspirin, ibuprofen or any NSAIDs).

Can also develop Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF).  This is a severe form of Dengue and can be fatal.  The symptoms are the same as Dengue but the fever last 2-7 days.  When the fever declines you develop persistent vomiting, severe abdominal pain and difficulty breathing.  You must avoid any aspirin or ibuprofen due to risk of increased bleeding.

For more information go to: http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/

http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/fAQFacts/index.html

Chikunguyalifestyles materials63

Where is Chikunguya found: Africa, Asia, Europe, Indian and Pacific Ocean, Caribbean

http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/geo/index.html

Transmission: spread by mosquitos.  The mosquito that spreads this virus feeds during the day time, dawn and dusk.

http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/transmission/index.html

Prevention: Avoid mosquito bites, use mosquito repellent (as directed), wear pants and long sleeve shirts when outside, Prevent mosquitos from coming inside with screens, etc., treat clothing only (not skin) with permethrin.

http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/prevention/index.html

Signs and symptoms: most common- fever and joint pain.

Other symptoms- Headache, muscle pain, joint swelling and rash.

Symptoms develop 3-7 days after infection.  Usually they resolve in 1 week.

http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/symptoms/index.html

Illustrations by Aaron Z. Lee

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