Lifestyles Center Blog

TRAVELING TO A TROPICAL PLACE FOR SPRING BREAK? ZIKA, DENGUE, CHIKUNGUYA OUTBREAKS!

 

Traveling to a tropical place for Spring Break? You should be aware of recent Zika, Dengue, and Chikunguya outbreaks!
Wait, what are those and how can they affect me?

Zika, Dengue, and Chikunguya are virus’ that can be transmitted from mosquitos at any time of the day. In addition, Zika can also be spread through SEXUAL INTERCOURSE! Below are the signs and symptoms of the following virus’.

Zika: fever, rash, headache, muscle or joint pain, or visibly red eyes (conjunctivitis).
Please be advised that women who are currently pregnant or trying to become pregnant are most at risk due to the possibility of birth defects (microcephaly) or fetal death.

Chikunguya: fever, muscle or joint pain/swelling, headache and rash.
Symptoms for Zika and Chikunguya typically develop 3-7 days after infection. They resolve in 1 week.

Dengue: high fever, severe headache, severe pain behind eyes, joint pain, muscle and bone pain, rash, mild bleeding (from gums, nose and easy bruising).
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) This is a severe form of Dengue and can be cause death. The symptoms are the same as Dengue but the fever last 2-7 days. When the fever declines you develop persistent vomiting, severe abdominal pain and difficulty breathing.

Prevention. If you are traveling to one of these areas soon, you can prevent Zika, Dengue, and Chikunguya by: reducing the chances of mosquito bites through using repellent, wearing clothing like long sleeve shirts and pants if exposed outside, and limiting the way mosquitos can get into inside spaces through window screens. Another way to help ward off mosquitos is from the use of Permethrin only used on clothing, not skin.

Treatment. If infected with Zika, Dengue, or Chikunguya Virus’ you can treat them by resting, consuming plenty of fluids and if you decide to take a pain reliever stick to Tylenol. Do not take aspirin, ibuprofen or any NSAIDs.

Where have outbreaks been reported for Zika, Dengue, and Chikunguya?
Zika has been found in Africa, Southeast Asia, Pacific Islands, Brazil, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, and America Samoa. There is currently a travel advisory for the following: Cape Verde, Caribbean, Central America, Mexico, Pacific Islands and South America
Where Dengue is found: Puerto Rico, Latin America, South East Asia, Pacific Islands, Hawaii There are currently a travel advisory for the following: Cape Verde, Caribbean, Central America, Mexico, Pacific Islands and South America.
Chikunguya has been reported in Africa, Asia, Europe, Indian and Pacific Ocean, and the Caribbean.

Sources:

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/index.html

 

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/transmission/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/prevention/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pregnancy/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/qa/index.html

 

http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/travelOutbreaks/index.html

 

http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/prevention/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/symptoms/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/

http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/fAQFacts/index.html

 

http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/geo/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/transmission/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/prevention/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/symptoms/index.html